Libya‘s National Oil Company (NOC) has warned against the threats to block oil exports, the country’s main source of income, before a highly-anticipated summit in Germany aimed at relaunching peace efforts.
In a statement on Friday, NOC said it “strongly condemns calls to blockade oil ports ahead of the Berlin Conference on Sunday”.
It came after tribes close to renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose forces control much of eastern Libya, called for a blockade of coastal oil export terminals to protest against a Turkish intervention in support of the country’s United Nations-recognised government.
Turkey has backed the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) as it faces an offensive by Haftar’s forces to seize the capital.
After nine months of fighting, which has killed more than 2,000 people, a ceasefire came into effect ib Sunday backed by both Ankara and Moscow, which is accused of supporting Haftar.
However, after Turkey deployed troops to support the GNA, tribes close to Haftar threatened to close down the “oil crescent” – a string of export hubs along Libya’s northeastern coast under Haftar’s control since 2016.
His troops have also mobilised to block any counter-attack on the oil crescent, the conduit for the majority of Libya’s crude exports.
“The closure of the fields and the terminals is purely a popular decision. It is the people who decided this,” Ahmad al-Mismari, spokesman for pro-Haftar forces, told al-Hadath television late on Friday.
The tribes also called for the “immediate” closure of the Mellitah, Brega and Misrata pipelines.
The head of the eastern Zouaya tribe told AFP news agency that blocking exports would “dry up the sources of funding for terrorism via oil revenues”.
NOC chairman Moustafa Sanalla said the oil and gas sector is “vital” for the Libyan economy, as it is the “single source of income for the Libyan people”.
“The oil and the oil facilities belong to the Libyan people. They are not cards to be played to solve political matters,” he added.
“Shutting down oil exports and production will have far-reaching and predictable consequences.”
Meanwhile, a port engineer and witnesses told Reuters news agency that protesters in eastern Libya entered the Zueitina oil terminal on Friday and announced its closure in response to the calls by tribal leaders.
However, the Zueitina engineer said “the terminal is still receiving oil and a tanker entered it today”.
Scores of protesters reportedly erected a large tent outside the Zueitina terminal. They read a statement saying they planned to shut all oil terminals in eastern Libya.
Zueitina usually loads around 14 oil tankers per month and receives gas tankers, the port engineer said.
The oil-rich North African state has been in turmoil since a 2011 NATO-backed uprising that overthrew and killed longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi.
Its oil sector, which brings in almost all of the state’s revenues, has frequently been the target of attacks.
Sanalla noted the consequences of exports and production being shut down for an extended period could be devastating.
“We face collapse of the exchange rate, a huge and unsustainable increase in the national deficit, the departure of foreign contractors, and the loss of future production, which may take years to restore,” he said.
“This is like setting fire to your own house.”
Haftar will come under pressure to end his campaign to take Tripoli at the summit in Berlin, which is aimed at ending foreign interference and division over Libya, according to the UN.
The conference will seek to agree to six points including a permanent ceasefire, implementation of a much-violated UN arms embargo and a return to political efforts for peace, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said last week.
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